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JCAA Newsletter
April 2008
NOTICES
SUPPORT THE ARTIFICIAL REEF PROGRAM
Please send letters to your state senator and to Senate President Richard Codey so we can get the pots off your reefs. More information about Pots Off the Reefs at www.njreefrescue.com or JCAA newspaper archives.
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JCAA High Roller Raffle
It is now time for the JCAA High Rollers 2008 Raffle. We have put together a terrific selection of rods and reels and other prizes for a raffle that will be drawn on April 29, 2008. This is a major fundraiser for the JCAA. The 8 prizes are listed below with a value of almost $3,500. Tickets will.....
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President's Report by John Toth
Fluke Report
At our February 26th General Meeting, I asked our membership clubs to vote on what options they preferred for our upcoming fluke season. None of the options we had to vote on were good, but I wanted to learn what.....
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Fisheries Management & Legislative Report by Tom Fote
This has been an interesting month for fisheries management. New Jersey was notified that unless we come into compliance on April 1st with the ASMFC management plan for tautog, the fishery will be closed. From what I have been told, NJ plans to get into compliance as quickly .....
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Update on Summer Flounder Research
Partnership for Mid-Atlantic Fisheries Science Inc. (PFMAFS) lost the services of Dr. Brian Rothschild when he was selected to chair the Scientific and Statistical Committee for the MidAtlantic Council. The MidAtlantic Council made an excellent choice and we expect his service there.....
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Pots Off the Reefs Legislation
As you read in the President’s column, the Pots Off The Reefs Bill was moved from the Senate Environmental Committee and we are hoping for a speedy vote by the entire Senate. After the Senate hearing, JCAA and RFA was sent a letter by Garden State Seafood asking for.....
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Hooked on Fishing Not on Drugs Bills
This legislation also moved through the Senate Environmental Committee at the same meeting. Unlike Pots off Reefs, this legislation now moved to the Senate Appropriations Committee. I have spoken with Chairwoman Barbara Buono and the ranking Republican.....
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Drugs Down the Drain
On Monday, March 10th, the AP published an investigative report on the drugs we find in our drinking water. The article is included below. The timing couldn’t have been better since JCAA and I have been pushing for legislative hearings at the both the state and federal level on this issue. We.....
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NJ Environmental Federation Conference
New Jersey Environmental Federation’s 22nd Annual Conference will be held on Saturday April 5, 2008. There will be many workshops focusing on global warming. I will be moderating a panel discussion on the impact of drugs and other endocrine disruptors that are increasingly in.....
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AP Probe Finds Drugs in Drinking Water
By Jeff Donn, Martha Mendoza and Justin Pritchard, Associated Press 3/9/08
A vast array of pharmaceuticals - including antibiotics, anti-convulsants, mood stabilizers and sex hormones - have been found in the drinking water supplies of at least 41 million Americans, an Associated Press investigation shows. To be sure, the concentrations of these.....
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Fish, Wildlife Affected by Contaminated Water
By Jeff Donn, Martha Mendoza and Justin Pritchard, Associated Press
LAKE MEAD, Nev. — On this brisk, glittering morning, a flat-bottomed boat glides across the massive reservoir that provides Las Vegas its drinking water. An ominous rumble growls beneath the craft as its two long, electrified claws extend into the depths.  Moments later, dozens.....
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Synthetic Estrogen Threatens Small Fish
From Water & Wastewater News 2/25/2008
After an exhaustive seven-year research effort, Canadian biologists found that miniscule amounts of estrogen present in municipal wastewater discharges can decimate wild fish populations living downstream. The research, led by Karen Kidd, Ph.D., a biology professor at the University.....
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Highly Migratory Species Report by John T. Koegler
SMFC Proposed Shark Management Plan
ASMFC received a letter in May of 2005 requesting that they begin the development of an interstate FMP for Atlantic Coastal Sharks. NMFS stated they believed that coordinated state management is a vital step towards establishing healthy self-sustaining populations of Atlantic coastal.....
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Swordfish
Recreational anglers continue to learn how to hook and then land swordfish both day and night. There was a quality article story in the March issue of Sport Fishing magazine. A beautiful 363 pound sword is displayed on their cover page. Daiwa Dendoh gold reels have carefully integrated.....
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Youth Education Report by Greg Kucharewski
NEWARK BAIT AND FLYCASTING CLUB
Sixty-seven children attended the Newark Bait and Flycasting Club “Hooked On Fishing Not On Drugs” and Kids Fishing Night. Children learned how to make a casting can and also participated in a casting can competition. The.....
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Calendar of Events

March 25th - JCAA General Meeting
April 5th - NJEF's Conference - Heat Is On
April 10th - JCAA Board Meeting
April 29thth - JCAA General Meeting & Raffle Drawing

GoTo: Interactive Calendar of Events

Acronyms, Abbreviations & Technical Terms Used in Fisheries Management Documents

EEZ= Exclusive Economic Zone = Federal water from 3 to 200 nautical miles offshore. Fisheries in the EEZ are generally under federal Control

M
Natural mortality (M) - The instantaneous rate at which fish die from all causes other than harvest. This rate has traditionally included unmeasured bycatch mortality, but as research has documented bycatch, it is increasingly included in "F". Usually "M" is an assumption or estimate from maximum age data or the value used for other species with a similar life history strategy. Natural mortality can rarely be measured directly.

MRFSS
= Marine Recreational Fisheries Statistics Survey

MSP
= Maximum spawning potential =  The estimated female spawning stock biomass or egg production in the absence of fishing. A percentage of this value (% MSP) can be used as a measure of the health of a stock.

MSY
= Maximum sustainable yield = The largest catch, on average, which can be taken from a stock over time under existing environmental conditions without affecting the reproductive capacity of the stock.

MT
= Metric Ton = 2,204.6 pounds

Recruit
= An individual fish which has entered a defined group through growth,spawning, or migration, such as those fish above minimum legal size ( fishable stock) or which are sexually mature ( spawning stock).

Recruitment
= A measure of weight or number of fish which enter a defined portion of a stock, such as fishable stock or the spawning stock.

 SPR = Spawning potential ratio = SPR compares the spawning ability of a stock in the fished condition to the stock’s spawning ability in the unfished condition

SSB
= Spawning stock biomass = total weight of fish which are sexually mature; generally pertaining only to females

TAC
= Total allowable catch

Threshold
= that point where the fishery is regarded as  overfished

Target Values
= that value or below which allows the fishery to be self sustaining

Biomass
= The total weight of a stock of fish or of a defined subunit of a stock, such as spawning females (SSB)

Bycatch
= That portion of a catch taken incidentally to the targeted catch because of non-selectivity of fishing gear to either species or size differences. Some by catch may be retained, but most is usually discarded

CPUE
= C/E = The catch taken by a given amount of fishing gear during a given period of time. Over time, CPUE data often provides an indication of trends in abundance in a fish stock

Coastal Pelagic
= Fish that migrate along the coast, generally near shore, and live in the water column rather than in association with the bottom.

Demersal 
= Refers to organisms which live at or near the bottom, but not in (Benthic) the bottom

Estuary
  = A coastal area landward of the ocean beach where freshwater and saltwater mix. Estuaries are among the most biologically productive and environmentally sensitive habitats.

ITQ
= Individual transferable quota + A form of controlled access in which individual persons or vessels receive a property right to a share or specific allocation of the total expected harvest of fish which they can buy, sell, lease, etc.

Mortality rate
  = the rate at which fish die. Mortality can be expressed as annual percentages or instantaneous rates (the fraction of the stock which dies within each small amount of time). Fishery scientists utilize several different types of mortality to evaluate status of fish stocks, and some serve as biological reference points (Instantaneous rates are used in most stock assessments):

 A
= Annual mortality = the percentage of a fish stock which dies from all causes during a year.

Fishing mortality (F) -  A measurement of the rate of removal of fish from a population by fishing. Fishing mortality can be reported as either annual or instantaneous. Annual mortality is the percentage of fish dying in one year. Instantaneous is that percentage of fish dying at ny one time. The acceptable rates of fishing mortality may vary from species to species. There are several kinds of fishing mortality rates; some of the more common include the following:

 F max
- The rate of fishing mortality which maximizes the weight taken from a single cohort* over its entire life.
 ( * a group of fish spawned during a given period, usually in a single year)

 F msy - The rate of fishing mortality, which maximizes the weight of the harvest within a year.

 
F 0,1 - The rate of fishing mortality at which an increase in catch for a given increase in effort is only 10% of what it would be from an unfished stock.

 Z = Total instantaneous mortality = The sum of fishing F and natural mortality M